• Causes of Acne: Who gets acne?



    Many people get acne; age, sex or race have no relevance in this skin disorder’s manifestation. It is important to learn about the transformations of your body during all stages of your life and become aware of the multitude of causes that lead to breakouts.

    Puberty is all about hormones. About 85% of people ages 12 to 24 show symptoms of acne because of hormonal swings. It’s tough enough being a teenager, with raging emotions and awkward physical changes, so acne doesn’t make things better.


    Boys develop a little later than girls. They usually experience longer bouts of acne than girls, due to booming testosterone levels. Their voices deepen and their hair thickens.  At this stage, they often experience at least a few blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, pustules or sometimes worse, cysts and nodules.

    Around the time that girls welcome a monthly cycle and a curvier body, they develop blackheads and pimples around their noses. Little red pimples and pustules may also appear on the forehead, chin and cheeks. Severe cases of breakouts can happen, especially on oily complexions.

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    Many adults aren’t in the clear when it comes to acne. At ANY age, acne can appear on about half of women’s face and a quarter of men’s. Blemishes tend to show up especially on the chin and jaw-line when hormones continue to shift through the mid 20s and 30s. And much the same as teens, adults must deal with feelings of insecurity on top of daily stress.


    Most men have seen their last breakout by their mid to late 20s. After puberty, skin begins to clear up as hormones balance out. It is more common for adult women to show signs of acne, but adult men will usually have more severe acne, even deep cysts that may scar. Folliculitis (razor bumps or razor rash) is also common on the face and neck. It’s important to follow a few basic rules: lather up with warm water, shave with a clean razor and then hydrate skin with a gentle moisturizer.


    Monthly Cycle - Many adult women have more oil and breakouts on their skin about a week before their cycle starts. Oral contraceptives can be a handy solution women can discuss with their physician. Some birth control pills have been shown to help clear up acne blemishes by stabilizing specific hormones.

    Pregnancy -  Acne breakouts frequently occur during the first trimester of pregnancy as a result of hormonal fluctuations. While estrogen production increases, skin continues to clear and improve over the next two trimesters. Following childbirth, estrogen levels decline and this may cause blemishes to return, but only for short periods of time.
    Menopause - Apart from the typical hot flashes and headache, one might deal with acne again. Hormonal shifts during the three stages of menopause can lead to breakouts. This is often called “hormonal acne” and it is associated with “hormonal aging“. As estrogen decreases, testosterone increases, along with a surplus of sebum (oil), dead skin cells and facial hair. It helps if you use a gentle exfoliator on your skin and maintain a proper diet, including drinking plenty of water. Consult your physician if you’re considering vitamin supplements or hormone replacement. But before you seek a solution to your skin problems, discover your skin type because a customized solution can be the most efficient.


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