• Mission Exfoliation (I): Glycolic Acid


    Glycolic Acid and Skin CareExfoliation is an important step in your skin care routine as it removes dead skin cells that clog pores and improves skin texture and appearance. There are two main types of exfoliation: mechanical or chemical. While mechanical exfoliation uses abrasive materials (granules, beads, powder) and involves scrubbing, the chemical one uses different substances (alpha & beta hydroxyl acids, retinoids) that dissolve the dead skin layer and clean the pores. Generally, mild chemical exfoliation is considered safer for all skin types. 

    Glycolic Acid is an Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) or a fruit acid, mainly derived from sugar cane, pineapple and some other types of fruit. It is considered a natural ingredient and therefore healthy and safe for your skin. High acidity and easy solubility recommend this ingredient as an efficient exfoliator.
    Largely used in skin care products because of both moisturizing and exfoliating properties, glycolic acid can improve skin texture when applied in small amounts and ieven perform complete peels in concentrations over 10%; using concentrations over 10% in chemical peels is possible in specialized salons but it can be a quite risky procedure: this may leave the skin irritated and may require a few days for complete recovery for your skin. Hollywood stars showing up at public events with red faces , similar to sun burns, are the living proof of the long recovery time required after such peels!
    Glycolic Acid can be found in smaller amounts in regular skin care products but it can still work well on any type of skin, as it efficiently exfoliates dead skin cells, cleans residues, improves skin texture and even reduces wrinkles. Younger looking skin is often achieved with regular exfoliation procedures. Glycolic Acid won’t dry out your skin like most of the abrasive exfoliators and is highly recommended for dry, dehydrated skin. It is very efficient in reducing acne scars and post acne spots or hyper-pigmentation.
    When applied on the skin’s surface in cosmetic products, Glycolic Acid has the power to dissolve the lipids that bind the dead cells together and eliminate the outer skin layer (the dead skin cells layer) and reveal the healthy skin underneath. It enhances the rejuvenation process of the skin and encourages faster cell turnover.
    The most frequently used AHA’s are Glycolic Acid, Lactic Acid and Citric acid. Lactic Acid works best on sensitive skin. Read more about these exfoliators in our future articles about Exfoliation.

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